DVIDS – News – 2022 Hurricane season has come and gone
The 2022 Atlantic hurricane season officially ended on Nov. 30. Regardless, the impact of Hurricanes Ian, Nicole and Fiona, which brought extensive damage to Florida’s coast and Puerto Rico, continue to be felt.
In total, this hurricane season produced 14 named storms that reached 39 miles per hour or greater. Eight of the storms became hurricanes with winds of 74 mph or greater and two intensified into major hurricanes with winds reaching 111 mph or greater. An average hurricane season has 14 named storms, seven hurricanes and three major hurricanes.
The 2022 season saw three hurricane landfalls along the coast of the United States mainland. Hurricane Ian made landfall first as a Category 4 storm in Cayo Costa, Florida, and again as a Category 1 in Georgetown, South Carolina. As a Category 4 with 150 mph maximum sustained winds, Hurricane Ian tied for the fifth-strongest hurricane ever to make landfall in the U.S. Hurricane Nicole made landfall as a Category 1 in north Hutchinson Island, Florida.
Hurricane Fiona made landfall outside of the mainland U.S. as a Category 1 near Punta Tocon, Puerto Rico.
This unique season was defined by a rare mid-season pause in storms that scientists preliminarily believe was caused by increased wind shear and suppressed atmospheric moisture high over the Atlantic Ocean. After a quiet period in August, activity ramped up in September with seven named storms, including the two major hurricanes, Fiona and Ian. The season also included a rare late-season storm with Hurricane Nicole making landfall on November 10 along the east coast of Florida.
National Hurricane Center forecasts were aided by the experimental peak storm surge graphic, which allowed forecasters to more accurately communicate the severity of expected storm surge levels produced by landfalling storms, such as Hurricane Ian. Additionally, NOAA’s intensity forecasts showed Hurricane Ian as a major hurricane impacting the coast of Florida from the initial advisory on Sept. 23 through landfall five days later. This advanced lead time gave those in threatened areas more time to prepare and respond.
The 2022 seasonal activity fell within NOAA’s predicted ranges for named storms and hurricanes in both of their pre-season outlook and updated outlook. La Niña conditions remained robust throughout the season while the West African Monsoon was only slightly above normal, which both largely aligned with conditions anticipated by the team at NOAA.
NOAA’s hurricane research and response.
This season, NOAA Hurricane Hunter aircraft flew over 582 mission hours to collect atmospheric data that is critical to hurricane forecasting and research, passing through the eye of a hurricane 65 times and deploying over 1,700 scientific instruments. NOAA’s Gulfstream IV-SP also flew a research mission from Cabo Verde, Africa, in August. This historic mission was the furthest east NOAA’s Hurricane Hunter airplanes have flown to investigate a developing storm.
Another major first included the successful launch of the Altius 600 small uncrewed aircraft system by from NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Lab. Scientists launched the instrument from NOAA’s P-3 Hurricane Hunter into the core of Hurricane Ian hours before landfall, transmitting back data of wind speeds as high as 216 mph at an altitude of 2,150 feet.
NOAA’s National Ocean Service captured thousands of aerial overflight images after Hurricane Ian. The images helped identify and record more than 6,200 potential pollution risks and assisted the U.S. Coast Guard in clearing pollution from the environment and facilitating marine debris cleanup efforts. A NOAA King Air and Twin Otter aircraft flew over 41 mission hours to support aerial imagery collection for emergency response after Hurricanes Ian and Nicole.
Forecasters and researchers relied on this invaluable data coupled with NOAA’s advanced geostationary and polar-orbiting weather satellites, NOAA’s weather buoys and other sources before, during and after storms throughout this destructive hurricane season.
While the 2022 season is drawing to a close, now is not the time to let your guard down. The 2023 hurricane season will officially begin on June 1. Let’s take the time to ensure your family is Weather-Ready for the season ahead. NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, a division of the National Weather Service, will issue its initial 2023 seasonal outlook in May.
There is much to be done as we prepare for the 2023 Hurricane Season, identifying stay-back personnel (Fort Stewart-Hunter Army Airfield numbers still remains high); two Force Protection Exercises for Garrison and 3rd Infantry Division to plan; a Hurricane Plan Review; and command post exercises with a new system to replace WebEOC to be learned by all Fort Stewart-Hunter Army Airfield garrison Emergency Operation Center members.
It’s never too early to start looking over your family plans now for the 2023 Hurricane Season.
(U.S. Army Story by Mack McPherson, Installation Emergency Manager)
|Date Posted:||01.18.2023 10:10|
|Location:||FORT STEWART, GA, US|
This work, 2022 Hurricane season has come and gone, by Molly Cooke, identified by DVIDS, must comply with the restrictions shown on https://www.dvidshub.net/about/copyright.
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